A new study shows what many middle-aged Californians privately suspect: They are the first to lose their jobs and the health benefits that come with those jobs when hard times hit.
The analysis by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research looked at California data on the uninsured between 2007 and 2009 and found that of the approximately 700,000 Californians to lose health insurance during this time, the greatest increase was among residents between the ages of 45 and 64.
“Whether because mid-career workers are viewed as too expensive or because there is a deeper bias against older workers, the data suggests the axe is first to fall on the baby boom generation,” said Shana Alex Lavarreda, lead author of the study and the center’s director of health insurance studies.
“This might open the door for policymakers to question the fairness of hiring and firing in the next economic cycle,” she added.
< p>The findings are part of a larger study that looks at the staggering job losses during the “Great Recession” and their impact on individual California counties.
Between 2007 and 2009, the number of people in the state without health insurance surged by more than 10 percent, to 7.1 million, the researchers found.
During that same period, the jobless rate in the state more than doubled, from 5.5 percent to 12.3 percent, causing a steep drop in the number of people receiving health insurance through their employer.
Some of the state’s poorer counties were protected by the safety net, but paradoxically, wealthier counties that were less impacted by the recession, such as Marin and San Francisco, saw a 1.7 percent increase in the number of uninsured, from 19.1 to 20.8 percent.
But the hardest hit were the “medium impact” counties, which saw a significant 5.4 percent increase in the number of uninsured people, from 20.8 percent in 2007 to 26.2 percent in 2009. These counties include Monterey, San Bernardino and Tulare, among others.
These “medium” counties were likely “not poor enough to tap into public programs yet not wealthy enough to survive the economic storm,” Lavarreda noted.
Statewide, the uninsured population became older on average following the start of the recession, with significant growth in the number of uninsured individuals between the ages of 45 and 64 in three of the four county groups examined.
The state’s uninsured population also grew poorer, on average. Much of the growth in the uninsured was the result of job loss and a subsequent decline in job-based coverage. Between 2007 and 2009, the percentage of Californians who were uninsured, unemployed and looking for work more than doubled in all counties. For example, in the “medium impact” group, this category grew from 6.6 percent in 2007 to 21.9 percent in 2009.
For the report to: http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/publications/search/pages/detail.aspx?PubID=1197