State Representatives—FCMAT and the County—Drive Budget Cuts, Not the Teachers Strike

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Oakland teachers recent seven-day strike opposed school board's decision to close schools and slash educational programs. Photo by Ken Epstein.

A new report from the Fiscal Crisis Management and Assistance Team (FCMAT) indicates that the State of California, represented by FCMAT and the Alameda County Superintendent of Education, is requiring the school district to make budget cuts of jobs and programs totaling about $30 million this year, regardless of any costs generated by increased salaries for teachers and other school employees.

The district administration and much of the school board blame the new teachers contract for the cuts they are making, but they are silent about pressure the district faces from FCMAT and the County Superintendent.

FCMAT, which is an independent nonprofit funded by the state, works in schools districts
throughout California enforcing financial accountability, meaning that the agency requires local educators to adopt difficult austerity measures, such as school closures and cuts to educational programs.

FCMAT is sometimes referred to as a QUANGO, a quasi-autonomous non-governmental
organization, which Wikipedia defines as “a hybrid form of organization with elements of
both non-government organizations (NGOs) and public sector bodies … at least partly controlled and/or financed by government bodies.”

Working together, FCMAT and Alameda County Office of Education are
supervising OUSD under the terms of AB 1840, which “provides for several
changes in the oversight of fiscally distressed districts and sets forth specific
requirements for the Oakland Unified School District in exchange for providing
financial resources under certain circumstances.”

Backed by former Gov. Jerry Brown, the Democratic Legislature passed
AB 1840 on Aug. 31, and the law became effective on Sept.17, 2018. FCMAT
played a role in drafting the legislation.

FCMAT’s 267-page report on the Oakland Unified School District, issued March 1, did not deal with the impact of the teachers’ strike settlement, which was settled too late to be included in the report’s findings.

The report quoted a Sept. 6, 2018 letter to OUSD from the County Office of
Education, which said the district’s solvency was “largely dependent on the district’s ability to implement approximately $30 million of ongoing reductions in 2018-19.”

The purpose of extra state funding connected to AB 1840 is to give the district three years to make layoffs, school closures and large cuts to central office administration and school sites. The money is not intended to help avoid any cuts but to give OUSD some time and space to make the cuts the state expects, making the reductions in three steps rather than diving head first off the cliff all at once.

According to the FCMAT report, AB 1840 provides for activities that “may
include but are not limited to … adoption and implementation of necessary
budgetary solutions, including the consolidation of school sites….(and) sale or
lease of surplus property.”

Under the guidance of FCMAT since 2003, the district has closed 18 schools
since 2004, 14 of which have become charter schools. FCMAT has long been
adamant about the need for OUSD to close schools.

While FCMAT admits school closings do not save money, selling or leasing schools can
generate income. The district is in the process of setting up a “7-11 committee,”
which is a process required by the state for local districts that want to sell public
property.

The supervision provided by FCMAT and the county looks at the district’s
financial condition as a given, which only can be improved with budget cuts—
not a something for which FCMAT and the county bear any responsibility
(going back to 2003). Ignored is the possibility of increased state support for
urban school districts or changing state laws to restrict the drain of charter schools
on public education dollars.

Looking favorably at the district’s “Citywide Plan,” authorized last June, ” FCMAT notes
that “the first strategy under this plan is to implement the Blueprint for Quality Schools
action plan to identify four cohorts of school changes….As a part of this plan, the district
will identify on a citywide map the school sites that will be closing or merging with a
nearby site.”

Detailing a timeline of district budget cuts, FCMAT also noted that the Board of
Education unanimously voted on Aug. 8 to “consider and implement budget
reductions,” including 234 FTE Certificated positions and 104 FTE Classified,
Management and Confidential positions for approximately $26.4 million to be identified
on or before Feb. 28, 2019, books and supplies of $400,000 and $3.5 million services
and operating expenses.”

On Sept. 12, the school board adopted a resolution endorsing the closing of
schools.

On Jan. 28, the board approved a plan to close Roots International Academy and
disperse its students. The campus would be given to Coliseum College
Preparatory Academy (CCPA), which currently shares the site with Roots.

On Feb. 19, “The district board received feedback from staff and stakeholders about the
restorative justice program, which was recommended at the Feb. 6, 2019 meeting to be
eliminated.”

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